Safe food supplies support national economies, trade and tourism, contribute to food and nutrition security, and underpin sustainable development. Urbanization and changes in consumer habits, including travel, have increased the number of people buying and eating food prepared in public places. The globalization trend has created a need for more food options 먹튀, which has resulted in a longer and more complicated food supply chain.
Food security, nutrition, and safety are all interconnected. Food safety is closely linked to nutrition and health. This can lead to malnutrition and illness in children, older people, the elderly, and others who are sick. A secure food supply not only improves nutrition, but also promotes sustainable development and trade. Global food trade is increasing, as well as the effects of climate change and rapid changes in food systems, all have an impact on food quality. WHO strives for better national and international capacity to recognize and respond to health risks associated with unsafe food.
As the world’s population grows, increasing industrialization and animal production in order to feed growing demand for food presents opportunities and challenges to food security. Climate change will also have an impact on food safety. Because of the speed and diversity of product distribution, local outbreaks can quickly become international emergencies. Over the past 10 years, infected foodborne disease has been reported on every continent. Usually, global trade has intensified these cases.
One example is the 2017/18 contamination of meat products in South Africa by Listeria moncytogenes. This led to 1060 cases and death tolls of 216. The contaminated products were sent to Africa from South Africa in this case. This required international intervention to ensure that precautions could be taken to reduce the risk.
Unsafe food poses health hazards, putting everyone at danger. The most vulnerable are children under five, pregnant women, young children, the elderly, and people with underlying illnesses. Annually, 220 million children are affected by diarrhoeal diseases and 96 000 people become ill. Insecure food can lead to malnutrition, diarrhoea, and a decrease in nutritional status for those most at-risk.
It was pointed out that both the International Conference on Food Safety in Addis Ababa in Feb 2019 and the International Forum on Food Safety and Trade in Geneva in 2019 highlighted how crucial food safety is for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Governments should make food safety a priority. Public health is a critical issue. They play an essential role in the development and implementation of guidelines and regulations.
Foods can be damaged at any stage of production or transport, but it is the food producers who are responsible for this. A large number of foodborne diseases are caused by food being improperly cooked or handled at home, in food service establishments, in markets, and in food preparation facilities. Consumers and food handlers are well aware of the roles they play in maintaining basic hygiene when buying or selling food items and when cooking meals for their own health and that of their communities.